These two paragraphs begin the hard work of the IAEA and the RCA countries. They are absolutely no different than any traditional USA document. It is exactly what a USA scientist would have written. What is included in these documents is the responsibility for greenhouse gases and strategies to defeat them.
1. INTRODUCTION (click here)
Livestock manures represent a valuable resource that, if used appropriately, can
replace significant amounts of chemical fertilizers [1, 2]. However, unless animal manure is
managed carefully to minimize odour, nutrient losses and emissions, it becomes a source of
pollution and a threat to aquifers and surface waters . It can also be a direct threat to human
and livestock health. Animal production is developing rapidly in Asia and the impact of
mismanaging manure could be detrimental. There is an urgent need to review and assess
current manure management practices and develop manure management guidelines that are
appropriate for adoption by local animal producers.
Mismanagement of manure often leads to direct discharge of liquid manure to
waterways. This causes serious eutrophication of rivers and lakes, characterized by a high
concentration of nutrients that creates an ecological imbalance in the water system because it
supports abnormally high levels of growth of algae and aquatic plants, e.g. water hyacinths.
This decreases oxygen levels in the water and has serious implications on the survival of other
organisms in the system and, consequently, on food supply and biodiversity. Furthermore,
surface- and ground-waters can be polluted by leaching and run-off of manure nutrients and
this increases the need for water purification treatment to provide safe drinking water....