Sunday, July 02, 2017

Kyoto continued...

... I am about to enter into another branch of Kyoto. Not any less important than what has been covered so far. In order to understand this branch and the need to control methane WHEREVER it occurs I strongly felt a review of 'the science' was important. I concentrated on that review this evening. It should help bolster the facts with those that already understand them and introduce sound principles AND scientific law for those that are not familiar with the science.

Global Warming, the Climate Crisis or any other vernacular one cares to call it; is real and effects life on Earth. It is important to understand emissions of these greenhouse gases have to be controlled to improve and stabilize the quality of life of all life on Earth.

It is hideous to believe it can wait until tomorrow. Get rid of the idea fossil fuels can be used without reverence to Earth FIRST. GET RID OF IT. Fossil Fuel is poison to our planet. Just that simple. It will be poison for a long time to come. Fossils were buried along time ago and it was the best idea God every had. It was not man's place to take control of God's plan.

The ultimate climate scientist is god. God has brought forward in a tiny corner of the Milky Way Galaxy (click here) a place human beings can call home. God's physics is to be understood, that is why there is science. We need to appreciate Earth and embrace it as our gift of life. That is what Earth is no matter the god or absence of god. Earth is a gift of life. You did not create it nor did I. Get over the idea just because one is born an Earthling it entitles everyone to own the third rock from the Sun. We don't own anything about Earth, we are simply travelers on it's surface, in constant motion.

Human beings want to duplicate Earth's physics in seeking out an outpost in outer space. That is impossible. Earth's biological processes are far more intricate than anyone wants to realize. However, discovering a stable planet that accommodates Earth's biology is possible and my hat is off to those scientists that focused on exactly that.

Resettlement to another galaxy, another planet is a huge and dangerous voyage. The guarantees must be in place in order for any scientist to dive into speculation of the possibilities.

Earth and it's place in the universe is not imagineering. Earth is real. The problems we face on Earth are real. We need to get it right. We need to get all of it right.

3 August 2016
By George Monbiot

What is salient is not important. (click here) What is important is not salient. The media turns us away from the issues that will determine the course of our lives, and towards topics of brain-melting irrelevance....

Methane is created in nature, but, the process can be interrupted.

Methanogenesis is the final step in the biological decomposition of biomass in the absence of oxygen.

...Methane fermentation (click here) is the consequence of a series of metabolic interactions among various groups of microorganisms. A description of microorganisms involved in methane fermentation, based on an analysis of bacteria isolated from sewage sludge digesters and from the rumen of some animals, is summarized in Fig. 4-1. The first group of microorganisms secrete enzymes which hydrolyze polymeric materials to monomers such as glucose and amino acids, which are subsequently converted to higher volatile fatty acids, H2 and acetic acid (Fig. 4-1; stage 1). In the second stage, hydrogen-producing acetogenic bacteria convert the higher volatile fatty acids e.g., propionic and butyric acids, produced, to H2, CO2, and acetic acid. Finally, the third group, methanogenic bacteria convert H2, CO2, and acetate, to CH4 and CO2....

FYI: Syntrophomonas woifei is a bacteria. It was used to explain the process of "methanogenesis." 

Methanogenesis is a very complex process that breaks down biomatter to produce methane. Methane is not the goal, it is the side effect of a biological process. GOT THAT. Methanogenesis occurs as a side effect, NOT a goal.

Larsen C

24 June 2017
By Rachel Pells

An ice shelf the size of Bali (click here for video - thank you) is days away from breaking off into the Antarctic ocean, scientists have warned.

At 5,000 square kilometres – equivalent to the US state of Delaware - the iceberg will be one of the biggest ever recorded by scientists observing the frozen subcontinent.

For months, researchers have been watching a crack spreading some 175 kilometres across the section of the Larsen C ice shelf at an alarming rate.

Just 13 kilometres of ice now remains attached to the main area, leaving it hanging like a thread.

It's keeping us all on tenterhooks,“ Andrew Fleming of the British Antarctic Survey told Reuters earlier this week, adding ”it feels like a niggling tooth“ of a child as it comes loose....         

From the ACS (American Chemical Society), founded in 1876, it is among the most trusted source of chemical organizations.

It’s true that water vapor (click here) is the largest contributor to the Earth’s greenhouse effect. On average, it probably accounts for about 60% of the warming effect. However, water vapor does not control the Earth’s temperature, but is instead controlled by the temperature. This is because the temperature of the surrounding atmosphere limits the maximum amount of water vapor the atmosphere can contain. If a volume of air contains its maximum amount of water vapor and the temperature is decreased, some of the water vapor will condense to form liquid water. This is why clouds form as warm air containing water vapor rises and cools at higher altitudes where the water condenses to the tiny droplets that make up clouds.

While it would be easy to simply call water vapor a greenhouse gas, it is only marginally so because it mitigates heat and does not cause it as other greenhouse gases do.

The greenhouse effect that has maintained the Earth’s temperature at a level warm enough for human civilization to develop over the past several millennia is controlled by non-condensable gases, mainly carbon dioxide, CO2, with smaller contributions from methane, CH4, nitrous oxide, N2O, and ozone, O3. Since the middle of the 20th century, small amounts of man-made gases, mostly chlorine- and fluorine-containing solvents and refrigerants, have been added to the mix. Because these gases are not condensable at atmospheric temperatures and pressures, the atmosphere can pack in much more of these gases . Thus, CO2 (as well as CH4, N2O, and O3) has been building up in the atmosphere since the Industrial Revolution when we began burning large amounts of fossil fuel....

Trump administration in violation of "The Clean Air Act," USA law.

Those are oysters? Really? WHEN are fisheries going to be considered important enough to be valued over petroleum?

Left - More acidic seawater (click here) is corrosive and contains less of the minerals that oysters need to build their shells

June 30, 2017
By Cassandra Profita

Fourteen states (click here) — including Oregon and Washington — are threatening to sue the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency for violating the Clean Air Act.

In a letter to the EPA sent Thursday, the group argues Director Scott Pruitt broke the law when he ordered his agency to halt part of the rule-making process for regulating methane and other air pollution from oil and gas facilities.

Last year, the EPA adopted a rule limiting methane and other pollutants from new and modified oil and gas extraction facilities and pipelines. Then, in March, Pruitt stopped the EPA from developing guidelines for existing oil and gas facilities to go along with that rule.

The letter says Pruitt's order — given without notice or opportunity for the public to comment — violated the federal Clean Air Act.

Methane is a far more potent greenhouse gas than carbon dioxide, and existing facilities emit more methane than newer facilities, the letter states. So backing off of the air pollution guidelines for existing oil and gas facilities is a setback in the fight against climate change. Plus, the letter says, it’s against the law....

Just a reminder to the actual density of the greenhouse gases and the drastic impact they have on Earth's climate.

...The atmosphere (click here) is composed of a mix of several different gases in differing amounts.  The permanent gases whose percentages do not change from day to day are nitrogen, oxygen and argon.  Nitrogen accounts for 78% of the atmosphere, oxygen 21% and argon 0.9%.  Gases like carbon dioxide, nitrous oxides, methane, and ozone are trace gases that account for about a tenth of one percent of the atmosphere.  Water vapor is unique in that its concentration varies from 0-4% of the atmosphere depending on where you are and what time of the day it is.  In the cold, dry artic regions water vapor usually accounts for less than 1% of the atmosphere, while in humid, tropical regions water vapor can account for almost 4% of the atmosphere.  Water vapor content is very important in predicting weather....

June 26, 2017
By Georgina Gustin

Left: Sacramento, California rice fields.

...The world's largest software maker (click here) made a novel purchase recently—from a handful of rice farmers.

Microsoft bought carbon offsets from rice farmers in Arkansas, Mississippi and California who had worked for the better part of the last 10 years to implement conservation measures on their farms. Through a complicated measurement and verification process, these conservation steps ultimately translated to carbon offsets purchased by the software giant.

The transaction this month was the first of its kind and, in the complex and controversial world of carbon markets, it represents a milestone for agriculture.

"Now we know what it takes to do this," said Debbie Reed, director of the Coalition on Agricultural Greenhouse Gases, a group that works with agricultural producers to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. "It's not symbolic, so much as proof-of-concept."

For years, researchers, advocacy groups and private-sector environment-focused investment groups have eyed agriculture's potential contribution in carbon markets to help address climate change. But carbon trading is complex under any circumstances, and particularly so when the entities generating the offsets grow rice or corn or raise cows. Measuring emissions—or, rather, emissions reductions—accurately and consistently from agricultural sources can be more complicated than for wind energy or solar power projects.

"Developing a protocol with farmers that's verifiable and rigorous enough so you can sell it in the market—that takes a long time," Reed said.

Rice production emits methane, a potent greenhouse gas with significantly more warming power than carbon dioxide over a shorter period, though there is far less of it in the atmosphere. Globally, methane accounts for about 16 percent of human-caused greenhouse gas emissions. The largest human-caused methane source is the oil and gas industry (about 33 percent), but raising livestock comes a close second (27 percent), and rice production alone contributes 9 percent of methane emissions....

Was John Tydall the first climate scientist in the mid-eighteen hundreds, just before the Industrial Revolution?

Add caption
October 8, 1999
By Steve Graham

...In January 1859, (click here) Tyndall began studying the radiative properties of various gases. Part of his experimentation included the construction of the first ratio spectrophotometer, which he used to measure the absorptive powers of gases such as water vapor, "carbonic acid" (now known as carbon dioxide), ozone, and hydrocarbons. Among his most important discoveries were the vast differences in the abilities of "perfectly colorless and invisible gases and vapors" to absorb and transmit radiant heat. He noted that oxygen, nitrogen, and hydrogen are almost transparent to radiant heat while other gases are quite opaque.

Tyndall's experiments also showed that molecules of water vapor, carbon dioxide, and ozone are the best absorbers of heat radiation, and that even in small quantities, these gases absorb much more strongly than the atmosphere itself. He concluded that among the constituents of the atmosphere, water vapor is the strongest absorber of radiant heat and is therefore the most important gas controlling Earth's surface temperature. He said, without water vapor, the Earth's surface would be "held fast in the iron grip of frost." He later speculated on how fluctuations in water vapor and carbon dioxide could be related to climate change....

The Texas government is about wealth and not a citizen's well being.

This is a diverse group (click here for Facebook site) of Texans from El Paso to Houston, from Lubbock to McAllen. We are tired of the oil and gas industry running roughshod over us.

This is no minor network of people. Texas is suffering greatly with air pollution from the petroleum industry to repeated storms and flooding. Things are not good in Texas.
Texas Grassroots Network

June 20, 2017

Today, the Texas Grassroots Network (TXGN), (click here) released a new report titled "Oil & Gas Pollution's Impacts on Texas Families” which outlines how oil and gas development in Texas has exacerbated air pollution and public health issues, like asthma and other respiratory illnesses. The report tells the stories of three Texans, including a four-year- old boy, whose health has deteriorated as a result of harmful air pollution from oil and gas activities.

TXGN releases this report as Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Administrator Scott Pruitt threatens to extend the suspension of EPA’s 2016 New Source Performance Standards (NSPS) which curb methane emissions, smog-forming VOCs, and other toxic air pollutants such as benzene - in new, reconstructed and modified oil and gas sources—just like the ones featured in the report.

“Much of the air pollution documented in this report is preventable. No one should have to worry about their children or family members getting sick from the oil and gas industry, but that is the reality we face if EPA’s pollution standards are suspended—or even worse, repealed,” said Sharon Wilson the Gulf Regional Organizer for Earthworks. “Our children deserve to be able to play outside with their friends without the fear that pollution will leave them wheezing and coughing. By threatening to suspend these vital safeguards, Administrator Pruitt seems perfectly content to sacrifice our children's health at the behest of the oil and gas lobby.” 

Currently, Texas lacks meaningful standards for detecting and repairing leaks, which means they rely on the protections provided by the federal pollution standards to safeguard against methane and other toxic pollution and to curb public health impacts.

Joking, right? Texans NEED federal standards to maintain their health, really? And who does the petroleum industry send to Washington, DC to end federal air standards? You guessed it, Scott Pruitt.

Running roughshod over people is corruption, plain and simple. It is also a violation of human rights to clean air and water. Roughshod also means when people value nature as a part of their own appreciation of beauty, the culture of a peaceful life is destroyed.

Right now, (click here) there are nearly 400,000 active oil and gas wells, compressor stations, and processing plants in the state of Texas. 1Texas is also home to some of the worst methane pollution and ozone smog in the country. 2 Each day, oil and gas activities across the state spring leaks that spew toxic pollution into the air, like an invisible oil spill. The smog that pollution forms is beginning to verge on a public health crisis: by 2025, Texas is expected to be the worst place in America for children who suffer from asthma caused by pollution from oil and gas activities....

Considering the issues of Texans, one also had to consider the problems of fracking as realized in Oklahoma as well. The REGION have issues that cross state lines and cause deterioration of human rights contained in quality and right to life.

The report above was conducted with solid science.

By Don Morgan 

...Oil company lobbyists (click here) routinely complain that EPA regulations are expensive and unnecessary. But Wilson said she believes the industry isn’t really concerned about high costs or red tape.

“This is an industry that just does not want any rules, and so they’re going to fight against any rule whether it’s in their best interests or not,” she said.

The report utilized Wilson’s research using infrared images to show normally invisible methane, benzene and other emissions escaping from Texas oil and gas operations.

She also documents cases of people living near these wells who experience serious health problems. But, she added, Texans need not live close by to be affected.

“The air in Denton, Texas, doesn’t stay in Denton, Texas. The air in Odessa and Midland doesn’t stay in Odessa and Midland,” Wilson said. “It doesn’t know where the city boundary is.”

A coalition of environmental groups, including Earthworks, recently filed suit seeking an injunction against Pruitt and the EPA over their plans to suspend the standards.

Why are regulations GOOD for the industry? Because they capture leaking methane that adds to the stores of the industry and more product to sell. Right? I mean containment of gas leaks is good for the industry. That is the understanding of most people who claim to understand capitalism.

mundi index to left (click here)

HOWEVER, with the falling price of oil and gas; the leaks provide an incentive to raise the price while 'commodity brokers' see a sustained or diminished supply. The entire commodity price of natural gas is skewed while people face human rights abuses with a failing quality of life.

For those that care too... illustration of Earth's thermodynamic physics.

Earth's surface is considered a dark body of which infrared radiation is emitted from incoming solar radiation.

As the infrared moves upward it crosses several layers of atmosphere. It is the chemical composition of these atmospheres that interact with the infrared to control Earth's benevolent temperatures.

It is the chemical composition of these atmospheric layers that are vital to life on Earth. When there are IMBALANCES Earth is in peril, both it's ozone layers (which are nothing more than O3) and it's greenhouse gas layers that keep every human being warm.

CHEAP is the only way the petroleum industry can compete against Alternative Sources of Energy. HENCE. NO REGULATIONS AND NO STANDARDS.

State Senator Guy Reschenthaler is corrupt. He has been bought by the petroleum industry, while Governor Wolf is applying important principles of morality to his work.

July 1, 2017
By David Jenkins

One thing that Pennsylvanians (click here) of any political stripe should agree on is that waste is a bad thing. Whether we are talking about money, time, or energy, the prudent--and conservative--approach is always to minimize waste.
This is why Gov. Tom Wolf and the Department of Environmental Protection (DEP) were right to launch a concerted strategy last year to reduce natural gas waste and the resulting methane emissions.
The plan will help reduce leaks and emissions from natural gas well sites, processing facilities, compressor stations and along pipelines.
These leaks harm public health as they waste a valuable natural resource and release pollutants into our air.
If successful, Wolf's plan would show that Pennsylvania is a truly a leader in waste reduction by implementing responsible oil and gas practices....

... The oil and gas industry has stepped up its political efforts to slow or block the state plan, just as its methane emissions are up a whopping 28 percent.

In one such effort, state Sen. Guy Reschenthaler, R-Allegheny, is trying to tie the hands of Pennsylvania with legislation barring Pennsylvania from adopting standards stronger than whatever was decided in Washington....

Pennsylvania should be congratulated for taking on the challenge to find ways to END METHANE POLLUTION. Methane pollution leaked into Earth's troposphere is dangerous to life. It has extremely low heating and cooling temperatures and an accumulation of 5% to 15% of any air mass causes an explosion.

Methane also kills. In enough of a concentration it replaces oxygen on the blood of people. It isn't the methane in particular that explodes into death of people, it is the anoxia (lack of oxygen) that kills. 

Methane like lead replace benevolent molecules and compounds important to the human body with toxic chemicals BECAUSE they replace those benevolent molecules and chemicals. In the case of lead, it replaces iron. In the case of methane it replaces oxygen. 

In understanding why other greenhouse gases than CO2 are even on the list of greenhouse gases is to understand why Earth is warm.

"Infrared radiation and planetary temperatures" (click here)

"In a single second, Earth absorts 1.22 X 10 ^17 joules..." 

One joule is equal to 0.0003 watthours or 0.000291587 kilocalories. One kilocalories is what Americans and others think of as "a calorie."

The article goes on to explain that if Earth didn't COOL that level of energy absorbed over millennia would end the ability of Earth to support life. But, Earth supports life so that isn't the problem UNLESS Earth's mechanisms don't work.

A scholar by the name of Joseph Fourier found the way Earth cooled was through electromagnetic radiation. If you want to challenge that idea for the purpose of petroleum profits it would require a rewriting of mathematics back to it's inception. Fourier is as dedicated a mathematician and scientist than ever found. He measured himself at the age of 21 against Newton and Pascal, whom had their own historic recognitions in finding CONSTANTS on Earth; ie: the Newton (click here) and the Pascal (click here). Fourier was an award winning mathematician by the age of 15.

Known quote of Fourier at the age of 21: Yesterday was my 21st birthday, at that age Newton and Pascal had already acquired many claims to immortality.

I have to mention the basis of the climate crisis because it was discovered and realized through mathematical and scientific investigation by brilliant people. The petroleum industry wants to use their findings for political purposes to enhance their profits. So, basically, the very basis of science and math are under chronic attack by Wall Street profiteers. Why is that tolerated? Because the commodities of oil and gas are FLUID and create a great deal of liquidity for the financial sector. Investments into long term infrastructure/merges that remove jobs, takes liquid assets away from financial organizations. Commodities, including currencies trading, result in trades that are far more frequent and short term equating to 'ready cash.' Oil and gas are an addiction to the Wall Street Financial Sector for that reason.

But, as to greenhouse gases and Earth's ABILITY to cool. Fourier in his calculations found that Earth's atmosphere interfered in the escape of electromagnetic radiation of Earth in its atmospheres. He discovered that greenhouse gases encourage the warming of Earth WHILE electromagnetic radiation mitigated it's way to outer space.

Fourier launched an entire branch of science to understand Earth, otherwise known as Home, however, it wasn't until the 20th century, "Earth Science" was a focus. Fourier launched the observation and thirst for knowledge about Earth, but, did not consolidate ALL the branches of science required to understand the impact of those greenhouse gases on life itself. It was the early 1900s, which had already sustained 20 years of the Industrial Revolution, that brought out a philanthropic interest in Earth. Henry Ford, while inventing the horseless carriage, also stated Earth was to be a concern because of the emissions of greenhouse gases. Hence, where we are today with this same concern.

The physics of the climate crisis is then understood in a long standing branch of science call "thermodynamics." To be specific the climate crisis falls into the conversion of energy from potential (gas) into kinetic (work). The Second LAW of thermodynamics.

"The Second Law of Thermodynamics" (click here) 

The climate crisis is defined in 'the transfer of heat.' I have stated in more than several occasions "Heat Transfer System." It is based in the Second Laww of Thermodynamics.

...Clasius, Kelvin, and Carnot proposed various forms of the second law to describe the particular physics problem that each was studying. The description of the second law stated on this slide was taken from Halliday and Resnick's textbook, "Physics". It begins with the definition of a new state variable called entropy.Entropy has a variety of physical interpretations, including the statistical disorder of the system, but for our purposes, let us consider entropy to be just another property of the system, like enthalpy or temperature....

There is only pretending for the petroleum industry that the climate crisis is not real. It is based in rock solid laws of science and mathematics. The only branch of any social science the petroleum industry has is "commercial advertising." The type of DENIAL SCIENCE in commercial advertising should be widely published in Social Science journals and eliminated from any commercial design in the world.

If products require DENIAL to sell, then they can't possibly be benevolent in their intent.

It's Sunday Night.

Not sure, but, I think they are love lyrics.

"Pink Man" proves to be colorful.

"Fried Rice" by Pink Man (click here for list of all his song titles)

Today, we'll be making fried rice
That's fried rice
Now then, lets begin!

Fried rice, fri-fri-fried rice bitch
You wanna play your cards with God and roll the dice bitch
Weeding out the weak with agriculture educational
You got me eating seeds and I ain't talking bout fellatio
I'm crazy yo, got that technique stir fry chopstick asian flow
I ain't about the oven or the microwave grills
But i know a little bit about the culinary skills

If you wanna roll with the frying pan
Gotta fry with the heart of a china man
Anybody got another method in the pantry can suck my dick
This shit tastes like vagina man

Now I ain't no Gordon Ramsay
But I make the best damn rice you pansies
A bitch like me came from Japan, see
Coin slot eyes gonna drop the panties

If you want a piece of this get in line you piece of shit
They just keep coming back for more you'd think Jehovah's witnesses
They call me the grain man

Ancient ritual praying can
Help cook rice on a spiritual level for those willing and able to be the king of the table


Have some of my grain and I ain't talking about the fucking headaches
You get on the morning after Fridays
I throw this rice like bridesmaids

This is consistent with past episodes of his "grandeur" wrapped in violence.

He has used violence throughout his campaign and into his presidency. This is just another of the instances where he causes events to occur. Yes, there will be violence against CNN and journalists because of this behavior of his.

July 2, 2017

The US President has tweeted a short video clip (click here) of him wrestling a person with the CNN logo for a head.

The clip is an altered version of Donald Trump's appearance at a WWE wrestling event in 2007, in which he "attacked" franchise owner Vince McMahon in a scripted appearance.

The animation appears to have been posted to a pro-Trump internet forum earlier in the week.

CNN later accused the president of inciting violence against the media.

One panellist on ABC's morning show, Ana Navarro - a Republican Trump critic and CNN contributor - said "it is an incitement to violence. He is going to get somebody killed in the media."

But Homeland Security Adviser Thomas Bossert, who had appeared earlier on the network, said: "No-one would perceive that as a threat."

The clip was submitted to a Donald Trump forum on the social media site Reddit four days ago, where it became one of the most popular posts....

The statement below gave rise to a "You Tube" video of Trump on stage taking aim and shooting Mexicans. Supposedly, Mexicans that were in the USA illegally.

...“I could stand in the middle of Fifth Avenue (click here) and shoot somebody and I wouldn’t lose any voters,” he said....

Real Clear Politics (click here)

Donald Trump's constituents hate. They hate minorities intensely. They hate the media because there is too much truth in reporting issues surrounding approval ratings.

Currently, across the spectrum of polls, with some as low as 35%, Trump is not popular. Given his need for popularity, he isn't doing well with the American people.

The problem is that Trump's constituents are amoral. They might pretend to care about morality as expressed by their religious affiliations, but, that is sexual morality and nothing more. Being married and having babies is their only claim to morality. There are all kinds of morality including the value of life of more than a Caucasian newborn, economic morality that includes important regulations that facilitate economic strength as well as quality of life. The people Trump attracts have not had sincere power to carry out their hate. Now, they do and he exerts it when he feels it necessary.

Trumps consistent violent temperament include attacks on women that invokes the words blood. That is violence against women from the Oval Office. No one stands up to it. No one is demanding the courts to temper this ill mannered and poorly spoken president.

If the USA courts want to call this freedom of speech, then let's have fun saying "Fire!" in a crowded theater. The President of the USA has a responsibility to maintain civil dialogue. This isn't it. Not only should he maintain such a dialogue in the USA, but, also internationally. Internationally, he gives permission for a Philippine President to kill so called drug traffickers.

President Trump is the worst president in modern history. He enjoys violence and includes it in his dialogue on a regular basis. Journalists should not be surprised that eventually they are on his "Hit List."

How does it feel, by the way? For all the coverage Trump got in the 2016 campaign from a media seeking ratings over leadership, how does it feel to know an entire industry is on the "Hit List" of the USA's President? Now, where are the reports about the impacts to minorities and the violence actually leveled at them by inflammatory idiots like Trump? Where are those reports? 

The American public should be made aware of escalating deaths at it's borders, not only by vigilantes, but, by the fear of border guards that find dead bodies on the border at dangerous terrain and desert. There are a lot of problems in the USA because of Trump's rhetoric. The White Supremacists are counting on building a constituency with this President that will actually elect more and more of them to Congress and the Presidency to actually carry out their dreamscape. 

This administration is creating violent problems today, but, also into the future if it is not stemmed and Pre-W civility is not returned. It is time the USA grew up and accepted RESPONSIBILITY for it's ill behavior at the polls.

Officers David Bailey and Crystal Griner (photos via (click here)

June 29, 2017
By Evan F. Moore

It has to be a weird feeling for a white man (click here) who has used racist and anti-gay rhetoric to have his life saved by a black man and a gay black woman.
House Majority Whip Steve Scalise of Louisiana was one of five people shot when a gunman opened fire at congressional baseball practice in Alexandria, Virginia, June 14.
Scalice spent several days in critical condition and was recently released from the intensive care unit. The Republican congressman owes his life to people whom he previously shamed: David Bailey and Crystal Griner — the U.S. Capitol Police officers who returned fire and killed the gunman.
In 2002, Salon reported that Scalise was an honored guest at a meeting of a white supremacist group founded by David Duke, a former Ku Klux Klansman. At the event, Scalise described himself as being like “David Duke, without the baggage.”...