Sunday, May 15, 2016

Can we please make this list shorter?

Tracer Gases (click here)

This is introducing a very dangerous greenhouse gas directly into the troposphere. Has everyone lost their mind?

There has to be a better method. I don't believe three of these gases are greenhouse gases and they are directly released into the troposphere. This isn't necessary. Indoor environmental air quality is important, but, using these gases aren't necessary. 

Indoor air quality (IAQ) is measured (click here) with CO2, temperature and humidity sensors to ensure standards for human comfort indoors. Although human comfort depends on an interaction of multiple variables, optimizing both temperature and relative humidity satisfies the comfort requirements for a wider variety of occupants than optimizing only temperature. Carbon dioxide (CO2) level is a surrogate measurement for indoor air quality and human presence.
Human comfort, productivity, and a sense of health and well-being are the positive outcome of a healthy indoor environment.
Vaisala offers a variety of hand-held and fixed indoor air quality sensors for measuring CO2, relative humidity and temperature.
Indoor air quality is much better if measured with sensors. An regular interval of testing can also detect any other adverse indoor air quality issues. Using these gases are simply not necessary.

Can there be an optimum solution when SF6 is mixed with nitrogen?

Often used at high pressure. Does not facilitate combustion.  (nitrogen) Can be used with 10–20% of SF6 as a lower-cost alternative to SF6. Non-electron attaching, efficient in slowing down electrons.

ODP is Ozone Depleting Potential

GWP is Global Warming Potential 

Breakdown voltage relative to air is 3.0 with SF6 and 1.15 with nitrogen. I think there needs to be more research to find NECESSARY levels of SF6 when handling electrical industry problems. Human health cannot be compromised. It has to be safe, but, to what extent is SF6 needed when mixed with nitrogen?

This was a document signed by the Mayor and Council for action by the City Manager. What happened?

This is the true nature of magnesium.

SF6 is understandably used in magnesium smelting. This film loop is extremely curious.

Magnesium Metal Ingot, 99.95% Pure, 8 Ounces is for sale at Amazon (click here)

Magnesium by nature is highly volatile, yet, there are ingots made in this manner? I think that is silicon being scraped off the top. This is an education, I cannot believe magnesium ingots are sold at Amazon. Amazon needs to decide what smelting process they allow in these ingots available online. 

This is some dialogue from the IPCC. I can't believe how careless this all is. It is a rarely discussed greenhouse gas and that be the issue. But, the global community has to do better than this.

Molten magnesium (click here) and its alloys are volatile substances that have a tendency to oxidize explosively in air and require surface protection in casting processes. Work in the late 1960’s on the film protection properties of Sulfur Hexafluoride (SF6) led to the industrial adoption of this gas in protective gas mixtures over salt-based flux melting. Currently available test results indicate that no significant conversion or destruction of SF6 occurs in magnesium casting processes. For the time being, it is assumed that all SF6 used as a cover gas is emitted to the atmosphere.... 

I really think this stuff needs to be reviewed. Science and the industry is not on the same page. I don't know how much of the magnesium smelting is black market. The man in the film is not wearing any kind of protection for his lungs either. No one should be that open to these chemicals. This is upsetting.

Kariba Dam between Zimbabwe and Zambia

January 8, 2016
By Matthew Hill

The Kariba Dam between Zimbabwe and Zambia.

Water levels at Kariba dam, (click here) the world’s largest, are at “extremely dangerous” lows that could force a shutdown of its hydro power plants, said Zambian Energy Minister Dora Siliya.
Poor rainfall and overuse of water by Zambia and Zimbabwe, the southern African countries that share the reservoir, have caused its levels to drop, with electricity generation already reduced by more than half. As of Dec. 28, Kariba was 14 percent full, compared with 51 percent a year earlier, according to the dam’s regulator.
“The situation is dire,” Siliya told reporters Thursday in Lusaka, Zambia’s capital. “I’m praying. We sit here and gaze at the sky and say, ‘please, the levels of Kariba are at extremely dangerous levels.’” A continued absence of rains could force the power plants to shut down altogether, she said.
Mining companies in Africa’s second-biggest copper producer have had to reduce their electricity use and buy expensive imports at a time when plunging metal prices have triggered the mothballing of some mines and more than 10,000 job cuts. Households and businesses endure power cuts as long as 14 hours a day. The cost of importing power and emergency generation could threaten the government’s 3.8 percent budget deficit target for 2016....
...Water levels at Kariba on the same date were 477.57 meters (1,567 feet) above sea level, barely exceeding the minimum of 475.50 meters for hydro power operations, according to the authority. The government will spend $1.2 billion to mitigate the power crisis, Siliya said....

Let's do that one more time. Why is sulphur hexafluoride not banned from being a toy?

I would think a gas heavier than air can be contained rather easily to ELIMINATE emissions.

Heavy Gas

The Humane Society of Genesee County to the rescue.

May 11, 2016
By Tribune News Services

A dog is held by a volunteer after having its blood drawn during a lead screening event held at the Humane Society of Genesee County in Burton, Mich on April 16, 2016.
Humans aren't the only victims of the water crisis in Flint, (click here) as pets also may have been exposed to the toxic lead. An effort coordinated by Michigan State University is now helping dogs get tested.
The school's College of Veterinary Medicine has hosted screening events with professors, students and technicians volunteering to draw blood from dogs. State veterinarian James Averill said 266 dogs have been tested so far, with seven documented cases of lead toxicity.
"I thought the water was OK, and I was giving it to my dogs," said Katie Jobe, a Flint resident who brought Missy and Molly in for testing after discovering spots on Missy's hindquarters.
Flint is under a state of emergency after the city, under state management, switched to using the Flint River but failed to add the proper chemical treatment. Lead from old pipes leached into the water, and people — and pets — were exposed for months before the emergency declaration was made in October.

It is about the emissions. No one hates industry, we do however have valid concerns about emissions.

"Regulation for Reducing Sulfur Hexafluoride Emissions from Gas Insulated Switchgear" (click here)

US EPA SF6 Partnership
May 7, 2014

Insulating is also known as a dielectric gas.

Dielectric gas (click here) is a form of gas used in industrial applications as an electrical insulator. Common types of gasses used include air, nitrogen, and sulfur hexafluoride. Various types of electrical components such as transformers and circuit breakers require the presence of a dielectric gas to prevent damage to a circuit in the case of an electrical discharge. In routine applications, air is often the dielectric gas of choice because it doesn't require a pressurized, sealed system, and is ubiquitous....

...Sulfur hexafluoride is used as a dielectric gas in high-voltage switchgear such as industrial circuit breakers that connect generators to step-up voltage transformers. It is also used in areas of high voltage electric power systems that require gas insulators, such as transmission lines, transformers and substations. Around 80% of all the sulfur hexafluoride manufactured is commonly used in electrical power plants and substations throughout the world due to its superior insulating qualities and ability to suppress radio wave and sound wave transmission from electrical equipment. It also has the highest level of breakdown voltage for any insulating gas, which is the level of voltage necessary for a dielectric gas to begin conducting current and fail to act as an insulator.

Disadvantages to using sulfur hexafluoride as a dielectric gas are significant, however, and, for this reason, attempts are being made to combine it with safer gasses, such as nitrogen, carbon dioxide, or perfluorocarbon compounds....
Of the three gases sulfur hexafluoride can be mixed with nitrogen is the only one that isn't a greenhouse gas.

Raising awareness and money for solutions.

May 15, 2016
By CBC News

Esterhazy High School students took time out of their weekend and walked 17 kilometres, raising $6,800 towards digging a new well in an African country. 

In March, a group of students(click here) from the high school in Esterhazy, Sask., had the chance to be a part of We Day, and they're doing the best they can to return in 2017.
This weekend, students at the Esterhazy High School, about 230 kilometres east of Regina, held a Walk for Water fundraiser promoting the international organization Water Aid, a group focused on providing fresh, clean water for communities in Africa.
Grade 11 student Jordan Junek is part of school's activist group and was one of thousands of students who attended We Day this year.
"Part of getting invited is, the group you're going with has to make a plan for some sort of global action," Junek said, adding they wanted to focus on global water poverty. Their goal was to raise money for a well in Africa.
After learning at a Regina seminar how many people don't have access to clean, fresh water, the group decided global water poverty was the issue they would focus on....

Sulphur hexafluoride (SF6)

Chemists or those who have studied chemistry will recognize hybrid ORBITALS. Orbitals is where bonding electrons live. The yellow atom in the center of this molecule is sulfur. The other six atoms are fluorine. 

Sulphur can also be spelled sulfur.

It is another extremely stable molecule. It is an inert noncombustable gas. If heated in any cylinder it will explode under simple expansion. If coming in contact with the liquid in cylinders it can cause frostbite. It has no odor.

It is used for medical application in respiratory physiology, eye surgery and ultrasound imaging. 

It is not a natural occurring gas. It is used in industry as well in electrical insulator, in the production of magnesium and the manufacture of semiconductors. It is also used as a filler for cushioning such as tennis balls or the soles of trainers.

Sulphur hexafluoride has a global warming equivalent of 23,000 times that of carbon dioxide.
It is Sunday Night.

The comma in the title is sometimes stated as racist. It was the sixties. The first edition is the only one with a comma. Bad grammar.

The Rolling Stones (click here) have probably released more iconic tracks than any other band in history. Hardly surprising when you learn they’ve been together for over half a century and hold the record for the most recorded songs of all time. One of the most iconic of their incredible 439 tracks is “Paint It, Black”. Released in 1966, it was the first single from the fourth album, Aftemath, and became an anthem for the Sixties counter culture.

What’s more, it’s one of our favourite tunes ever. Two very good reasons to dig deeper and discover more about a song, music critic Richie Unterberger said, “qualifies as perhaps the most effective use of a sitar in a rock song.”

1. The original version was entitled “Paint It Black” without a comma. Keith Richards later said that the comma was added by the record label, Decca...

"Paint It, Black" Songwriters: Keith Richards, Mick Jaggers and performed by The Rolling Stones  (click here for official website)

I see a red door and I want it painted black
No colors anymore I want them to turn black
I see the girls walk by, dressed in their summer clothes
I have to turn my head until my darkness goes

I see a line of cars and they're all painted black
With flowers and my love both never to come back
I see people turn their heads and quickly look away
Like a new born baby it just happens every day

I look inside myself and see my heart is black
I see my red door and it has been painted black
Maybe then I?ll fade away and not have to face the facts
It?s not easy facin? up when your whole world is black

No more will my green sea go turn a deeper blue
I could not foresee this thing happening to you
If I look hard enough into the settin? sun
My love will laugh with me before the mornin? comes

I see a red door and I want it painted black
No colors anymore I want them to turn black
I see the girls walk by dressed in their summer clothes
I have to turn my head until my darkness goes

I wanna see it painted, painted black
Black as night, black as coal
I wanna see the sun blotted out from the sky
I wanna see it painted, painted, painted, painted black, yeah

Water Stress needs to be a topic at any meeting regarding Syria.

15 May 2016

Custodians of the Two Holy Mosques King Salman receives US Secretary of State John Kerry in Jeddah.

Jeddah: US Secretary of State John Kerry (click here) met Saudi Arabia’s King Salman in Jeddah on Sunday to discuss the truce in Syria, before broader talks with Russia, Iran and other countries in Vienna on Tuesday.
According to Reuters, Kerry has said he hopes to strengthen a “cessation of hostilities” agreement between Syrian government forces and rebels, which has been undermined by fighting in some areas, and to increase humanitarian aid deliveries to besieged areas.
On Tuesday, Reuters said the US and Russia will co-chair a meeting of the International Syria Support Group, which includes Arab League and European Union countries as well as Turkey, Iran and China....

"Saudi Vision 2030" (click here) is a vision of growth in Saudi Arabia. Part of the excitement is regarding travel by car. The electric car with very available solar energy should be available.

In regard to "Water Stress," I would expect the US State Department to have intelligence provided either by the military and/or the United States Geological Survey for any country where it has a mission and/or diplomatic ties.

Water stress. Syria should have been a learning experience and not simply a subject of war.

27 August 2015
By John Vidal

Water supplies (click here) across the Middle East will deteriorate over 25 years, threatening economic growth and national security and forcing more people to move to already overcrowded cities, a new analysis suggests.
As the region, which is home to over 350 million people, begins to recover from a series of deadly heatwaves which have seen temperatures rise to record levels for weeks at a time, the World Resources Institute (WRI) claims water shortages were a key factor in the 2011 Syria civil war.
“Drought and water shortages in Syria likely contributed to the unrest that stoked the country’s 2011 civil war. Dwindling water resources and chronic mismanagement forced 1.5 million people, primarily farmers and herders, to lose their livelihoods and leave their land, move to urban areas, and magnify Syria’s general destabilisation,” says the report. 
New WRI rankings place 14 of the world’s 33 most water-stressed countries in the Middle East and north Africa region (Mena), including Bahrain, Kuwait, Qatar, the United Arab Emirates, Palestine, Israel, Saudi Arabia, Oman, Iran and Lebanon. Companies, farms and residents in these countries are all highly vulnerable to the slightest change in supplies, says the WRI....
May 12, 2016
Flint (WJRT) - Update: (05/12/16) - An autopsy (click here) shows Flint city water plant supervisor Matthew McFarland died from drug intoxication with high levels of controlled substances.
Foul play isn't suspected at this point, but the case is not closed.
Because McFarland worked at the Flint water plant, the FBI and investigators with the Attorney General's office are working the case.

(04/21/16) - Thursday, Flint Mayor Karen Weaver announced the death of a forman at the Flint Water Plant.
A friend discovered 43-year-old Matthew McFarland's body when he went to visit him at his Otter Lake home last Saturday.
The Lapeer County Sheriff tells ABC12 there was no apparent signs of foul play.
Investigators are still waiting for toxicology reports before releasing a cause of death.
Lapeer County deputies also contacted state and federal officials because McFarland had been questioned by investigators looking into Flint's Water Emergency.

How much water supply is this region experiencing?

May 14, 2016
By Hana Namrouqa

Amman — Temperatures this week (click here) will rise 11°C above their annual average for this time of the year, as the season's first heatwave takes hold of the country, a meteorologist said on Saturday.
The heatwave, which started affecting the country on Saturday, is caused by multiple factors, including a hot air mass affecting northern Saudi Arabia, in addition to cold weather in Europe and northern Africa that has pushed hot air in the Sahara towards the country.
"The heatwave will push temperatures to their upper thirties in Amman and will bring very hot and dry weather. It will peak on Monday and start to gradually subside on Tuesday evening," Amer Armoush, a forecaster at the Jordan Meteorological Department (JMD), told The Jordan Times over the phone.
Sunday's weather will be hot across the Kingdom and very hot in Aqaba, the Dead Sea and the Jordan Valley, according to the JMD....

2 September 2010
By Martin Asser

The Arab-Israeli (click here) dispute is a conflict about land - and maybe just as crucially the water which flows through that land.
The so-called Six-Day War in 1967 arguably had its origins in a water dispute - moves to divert the River Jordan, Israel's main source of drinking water.
Years of skirmishes and sabre rattling culminated in all-out war, with Israel quadrupling the territory it controlled and gaining complete control of double the resources of fresh water.
Any country needs water to survive and develop. In Israel's history, it has needed water to make feasible the influx of huge numbers of Jewish immigrants.
Therefore, on the margins of one of the most arid environments on earth, the available water system had to support not just the indigenous population, mainly Palestinian peasant farmers, but also hundreds of thousands of immigrants.
In addition to their sheer numbers, citizens of the new state were intent on conducting water-intensive commercial agricultural such as growing bananas and citrus fruits....

This is from "The Jordan Times"

May 14, 2016

Occupied Jerusalem — Twenty-five Palestinian children (click here) were killed in the last three months of 2015 during a wave of violence and the number detained was the highest in seven years, the UN children's agency said.
"Serious concerns arose regarding excessive use of force, particularly in relation to incidents where Palestinian children were shot dead by Israeli security forces after carrying out or being suspected of carrying out stabbing attacks," UNICEF said in a report.
It said more than 1,300 Palestinian children were injured during the spike in attacks, almost all in the West Bank and East Jerusalem, while three Israeli children were hurt in the West Bank and West Jerusalem.
UNICEF cited the example on October 25 in Hebron in the West Bank of a 17-year-old girl who was taken by Israeli soldiers for a search, shot with at least five bullets and killed.
"Israeli authorities said that she had attempted to stab a policeman, however an eyewitness stated that she was not presenting any threat at the time she was shot, and was shouting that she did not have a knife," it said.
Compared with the high toll for the October-December period, UNICEF recorded four Palestinian children killed and 165 injured between July and September....
I don't recall the Jordanian Parliament ever taking a position different than the King. King Abdullah II of Jordan has been instrumental in the past in securing peace agreements and treaties with Israel. Now there is descent while extremism is manifesting in Israel which requires the IDF to openly dialogue about their concerns. 

May 15, 2016
By Maayan Groisman

Atef Tarawneh

"The Jordanian parliament (click here) is an independent authority and its opinion toward the peace treaty with Israel is different in essence from the government's position," the Jordanian House Speaker said.
Jordanian House Speaker Atef Tarawneh, has stated that the Jordanian parliament, which represents the Jordanian people, adamantly disagrees with the government over the peace treaty with Israel.
In an interview with the London-based TV channel Al-Ghad, on Friday, Tarawneh commented about his decision to ban the participation of an Israeli delegation in the 2016 Women in Parliaments Global Forum, which took place in Amman last week....

What is going on in Israel? It must be resistance against the extremists. The IDF would know it first.

May 15, 2016
By Yaakov Lappin

Moshe Yaalon

"Speak out even (click here) if your comments are not part of the mainstream, and even if they stand in contrast with the ideas adopted by the senior command, or the government."
IDF Commanders (click hereshould continue to speak their minds on issues of morality and ethics, Defense Minister Moshe Ya'alon said Sunday in Tel Aviv, in an apparent reference to the controversy that followed the Holocaust Memorial Day speech made by Deputy Chief of Staff Maj.-Gen. Yair Golan.
"This evening, I call on you and your subordinates, once again, to keep speaking your minds. Do so even if your comments are not part of the mainstream, and even if they stand in contrast with the ideas adopted by the senior command, or the government," Ya'alon said at an event attended by foreign military attaches at the Defense Ministry.
Earlier this month, Golan provoked controversy after saying that he was concerned by some the extremist voices within Israeli society. The IDF later issued a clarification saying that Golan did not mean to compare extremism in society in Israel to 1930s Germany.
"Do not fear, do not hesitate. Continue to be brave, not only on the battlefield, but also at the conference table," Ya'alon said on Sunday.
"A good military is one in which commanders, junior and senior, feel secure in their ability to speak their mind any time, knowing they will not be harmed," he added....

NYMA was coed. Boys and Girls from the age of 9 or 10 years old lived in separate dorms. Enough.

It started at the New York Military Academy, a small, severe boarding school 90 minutes’ drive north of New York City. Strictly enforced rules prohibited girls from setting foot on the all-boys campus unless it was a special occasion. And on those special occasions, young Donald Trump paid careful mind to the kind of girls he brought to school. They had to be gorgeous — 10s, in his future parlance....

The boarding school had children from nearly every state in the country and at least 24 different countries. It was an incredible experience for every young person that attended it. It was a train ride away from New York City and all it's museums and theaters. The extracurricular activities included athletics and other chosen activities such as learning to fly small private aircraft or riding at their school's horse stable.

...Donald was having a pool party at Mar-a-Lago. There were about 50 models and 30 men. There were girls in the pools, splashing around. For some reason Donald seemed a little smitten with me. He just started talking to me and nobody else.
He suddenly took me by the hand, and he started to show me around the mansion. He asked me if I had a swimsuit with me. I said no. I hadn’t intended to swim. He took me into a room and opened drawers and asked me to put on a swimsuit.
Ms. Brewer Lane, at the time a 26-year-old model, did as Mr. Trump asked. “I went into the bathroom and tried one on,” she recalled. It was a bikini. “I came out, and he said, ‘Wow.’ ”
Mr. Trump, then 44 and in the midst of his first divorce, decided to show her off to the crowd at Mar-a-Lago, his estate in Palm Beach, Fla....

Every woman was treated as a beauty queen. He had his own Playboy Mansion. Ms. Lane arrived at his mansion of her own volition. He held her hand to reassure her and lead her to a room where she could change into a swimsuit and join the other women. Very thoughtful. Evidently, he likes his eye candy. Women improved their careers under this tutelage.  IT WAS ALL CONSENSUAL.

Evidently, Donald Trump enjoyed the reputation of being a chick magnet. He seemed to divide women into voluptuous and saintly. He never balanced his pool parties with an invitation to Mother Teresa. But, then neither did Hugh Hefner. 

It sounds fairly normal to me. He liked to wear his lifestyle on his sleeve. It was a choice he made and it was all legal.
No snow accumulation. Ground dry.

35 degrees F
Wind WNW 7 mph
Humidity 78 percent
Precipitation 3 percent 

There is a snow accumulation on the grass, evergreens and shrubbery. 

Snow no longer on grass, evergreens and shrubbery. It still exists on car windshields and on roof.

38 degrees Fahrenheit
Partly Cloudy, dark clouds over bay

Precipitation 10%

Wind WNW 5 MPH
Humidity 73%

The ground has been clear and dry for the entire time. The ground is obviously warmer than the air.

10:55 AM

Snow absent from roof.

37 degrees Fahrenheit
Wind N 4 mph
100 percent cloudy 
Humidity 67 %
Precipitation 15 %

Snow is still on windshields only about 25% from previous.


Snow gone from all surfaces.

42 degrees Fahrenheit
Humidity 44 %
Precipitation' zero percent
Partly sunny with clouds.
Wind: WNW 13 mph