Sunday, July 14, 2013

Graduation is what matters, followed by college entrance, attendance and study.

I am sure there are different answers for different states when it comes to success in the public school systems. It just seems from what I read there is an overwhelming understanding that breaking up the financial base of the public schools makes things worse for everyone. 

Charter schools were an interesting experiment and it is easy to understand why some people believe they are an answer. Charter schools helped prove that disadvantaged students have what it takes under circumstances that concentrate their attention and efforts and maximize their outcomes.

But, I do not believe they are an answer in the long view. They drain needed funding from the public schools and leave students abandoned. 

I am quite confident educators can decide the best way forward and we need to let them do that. Arbitrary PROCESSES as that being carried out by Governor Snyder is never going to solve the problem. 

The U.S. Department of Education released four-year high school graduation rates for the 2010-2011 school year. (click here)

Iowa has the highest graduation rate of 88% with a public school per student annual revenue of $11,910 .

The worst state for graduation rates is Nevada with 62% with a public school per student annual revenue of $7,792.

The District of Columbia falls in after Nevada  59% graduation rate with a public school per student annual revenue $12,036.

Vermont ranks just below Iowa at 87% graduation rate for high school and a public school per student annual revenue $21,379.









State regulations matter and if they didn't exist with public schools, then Charter Schools aren't any better.

July 3, 2013
By Valerie Strauss

Here is the text of Education Secretary Arne Duncan’s speech delivered at the 2013 convention of the National Alliance for Public Charter Schools, being held this week in Washington D.C....
 
...When I spoke at your national conference four years ago, (click here) the first CREDO study had been released just days beforehand. At the time, the charter movement was on the defensive. Four years later, the picture is brighter.

CREDO’s new study, released just last week, shows a significant improvement in charter quality from 2009 to 2013. And charters have especially boosted learning for black students in poverty and Hispanic English language learners.

Compared to similar peers in traditional public schools, low-income black students at charter schools gain an additional 29 days of learning in reading and 36 days in math per year.

That is a meaningful impact. And Hispanic ELL students make even bigger gains—50 days of learning, or 10 weeks, in reading, and 43 days of learning in math.

The CREDO study also shows that charters in several cities and a number of states are far out-performing comparable traditional public schools.

In Rhode Island, charter students gain 86 extra days of learning in reading compared to their traditional public school counterparts, and a staggering 108 extra days of learning in math.

In D.C., students in charter schools gain about 70 to 100 extra days of learning a year—and charter students in Tennessee and Louisiana also had huge gains.

Yet like so many studies of charter schools, the CREDO analysis tells a good news-bad news story. It shows enormous variation in performance.

We know that state policy and authorizing policies matter — and they matter a great deal to charter quality for children. States that were not careful about authorizing charters and let weak operators remain open year after year have a lot of low-quality charters. There are too many charters where students actually learn less than their counterparts in traditional public schools.

On average, charter students in Pennsylvania, Oregon, Texas, Arizona, Arkansas, and Ohio lose a month to two months in learning each school year. Nevada is even worse — charter students lose more than 100 days of learning a year.

If there is a silver lining in the poor record of these states and authorizers, it is that lawmakers are now reforming state regulation and laws to improve charter quality and make charters more accountable.

And charter authorizers nationwide are moving more rapidly to close bad schools. This spring, Nevada and Texas passed strong laws on authorizing charter schools for the first time — including an automatic closure provision for failing charters. Ohio implemented a similar law starting in 2008, and tightened its accountability and default closure provisions in 2011....

SATs are still the best measure of success. College entrance relies on it.

July 10, 2013

...In the state of Vermont, (click here) as reported on the College Board’s website, students who graduated in 2012 had average scores of Critical Reading 519, Mathematics 523, and Writing 505.   If your scores are within close range of these numbers, it means you are on par with your peers in Vermont.  In 2012, per the College Board’s website, the national averages across the United States for the three content areas are as follows: Critical Reading 496, Mathematics 514, and Writing 488....

Now I hate to spoil things and this is a very select, few number of students, but, there is definitely ambition here to worry about.

BSB students aiming for perfect SAT scores(click here)



Fifteen students from British School of Bahrain (BSB) have been trying to achieve the perfect score of 2,400 on their Scholastic Assessment Test (SAT).

They keep sitting the exam, which is a standardised test for most college admissions in the US and features mathematics, critical reading and writing.
They are being tutored by Sylvan Learning teacher Brandon Moseley to ace the test which includes mathematics, critical reading and writing.

Two of the students, Frederic Buemi and Esther Kamgaing, have already achieved Ivy League standards after improving their scores by 30 per cent.

Ms Kamgaing, a 16-year-old Briton, has been at the school for a year and hopes to pursue chemical engineering in university. Mr Buemi, a 17-year-old Swiss, has been at the school for three years and studies mathematics, biology, chemistry and physics.


Physical and emotional competency matters.

When making that back-to-school checklist, (click here) your child's health and well being should top that list. The Miami-Dade County Parks, Recreation and Open Spaces Department in its long-standing commitment to help keep our community's kids healthy and fit invites parents to register their children, ages 6-14, in its "Fit2Play: Health, Wellness and Obesity Prevention" Out-of-School Program.

October 23, 2012


Strong and steady won the race (click here) for Miami-Dade County Public Schools, winner of the 2012 Broad Prize for Urban Education, which recognizes large, urban school districts making gains in student achievement. The district, a five-time finalist for the coveted award, will receive $550,000 in college scholarships to dole out to high school students graduating in 2013.

The fourth largest school district in the country, Miami-Dade serves nearly 350,000 students—with more than 100,000 students attending one of the district's 107 high schools. Ninety percent of students in the district are either black or Hispanic, and 74 percent are low income, according to the district's website.

Graduation rates among black and Hispanic students at Miami-Dade rose 14 percentage points between 2006 and 2009—the largest graduation rate increase of any urban district, according to data collected by MPR Associates, Inc., an educational research firm. College readiness among minority students also improved, with more students taking college entrance exams and earning college credit through Advanced Placement courses....

CREDO (Center on Research for Educational Outcomes) at Stanford University (click here)

 
First, picking up where Multiple Choice left off, current outcomes are reported from charter schools in the same 16 states covered in the 2009 report. The update examined how the original cohort of schools has fared since 2009 and how the sector in those states has evolved over time. 
 
The second set of analyses in the report is an expanded examination that includes all 27 partner states and examines student learning gains compared to that of equivalent students in traditional public schools (TPS). In addition to the overall, pooled impacts, subsequent analyses examined the effects by state, by schools and their network affiliations and by student subgroups.
 
I hate to critique Stanford. I think it is a great university, however, their study which is used widely to gauge Charter Schools is flawed. There are more than sixteen states with charter schools. Additionally, the 'per capita' expenditures on students in each setting needs to be factored into the outcomes. 
 
What CREDO does not do is entertain in any way the environmental factors in the different learning environments, including emotional competency and household composition as well as parental time with child for school work. I guess it could be considered, "Quality of Life Determination." If there was a mathematical statistical model to quantify these facts the overall outcomes might be more interesting.
 
If Detroit would take Newark's experience with evaluations it might hold it's own for the necessary funding for their children. 

November 27, 2012

School Effect = Controllable School Factors + Peer Group & Other Factors
 
In other words, we simply don’t know what component of the effect has to do with school quality issues that might be replicated and what component has to do with clustering kids together in a more advantaged peer group. Yes, the study controls for the students’ individual characteristics, but no, it cannot sort out whether the clustering of students with more or less advantaged peers affects their outcomes (which it certainly does). Lottery-based studies suffer the same problem, when lotteried in and lotteried out students end up in very different peer contexts. Yes, the sorting mechanism is random, but the placement is not. The peer selection effect may be exacerbated by selective attrition (shedding weaker and/or disruptive students over time). And Newark’s highest flying charter schools certainly have some issues with attrition.

What really annoys me is that the public school system takes all comers. Always has.

Table 103. Public elementary and secondary schools, by level, type, and state or jurisdiction: 1990-91, 2000-01, and 2009-10 (click here)

Take for instance Special Education Classes:

The National Education Association (click here) supports a free, appropriate public education for all students with disabilities in a least restrictive environment, which is determined by maximum teacher and parent/guardian involvement. There must also be a full continuum of placement options, services, and delivery models available to students with disabilities.

Over the past 10 years, the number of U.S. students enrolled in special education programs has risen 30 percent. Three out of every four students with disabilities spend part or all of their school day in a general education classroom. In turn, nearly every general education classroom across the country includes students with disabilities. Each school and school district must determine the best way to conduct programs and figure out how to pay for them.

There are 6,481,000 disabled children in the USA as of 2010. (click here)
These children have a wide range of disabilities, but, the public schools always accommodate them. About 13.1 percent of the children in the USA are disabled.

There are currently 49.4 million American children enrolled in our schools.
That does not include any child below the age of six.


POP1 Child population: Number of children (in millions) ages 0–17 in the United States by age, 1950–2012 and projected 2013–2050 (click here)

I had no idea the USA needed so many semi-private schools to make up for the lack of 'infrastructure' investments in the country.

Is it disclosed on the application for a charter, whom exactly built the building the school uses? Because if it is done with taxpayer money over and above that paid for students to attend there, I'm fairly sure that is corruption.

Year                        Number of Schools   (click here)

2000 - 2001                    1993

2005 - 2006                    3780

2006 - 2007                    4132

2007 - 2008                    4388

2008 - 2009                    4694

2009 - 2010                    4952

Enrollment was not available in 2000 because the programs were only becoming federal. But, in 2005 the enrollment was 448,343. By the time 2010 rolled around there were 1,611,332. I am not sure if all the students in Charter Schools are American students either.

Qualifications for work is going to demand higher degrees. All this talk about unskilled labor is hogwash.

Currently. Right now. Unskilled labor is a myth. Computers and technology is replacing unskilled labor more frequently than not. The GOP master minds want to make every aspect of unskilled labor computer intensive.
The future is here. 
By ELI AMDUR
Divides.

Human history is, among other things, a story of divides. It is a story of disparities in income, health, commerce and education. For the most part, the story is about crossing those divides and closing — or at least narrowing — those gaps. That’s what we call progress.

Careful, though. Although the education gap has been narrowing for centuries (especially in the 20th), there is — unless you are aware of it and are prepared to take concrete steps — a possibility that this divide will widen. Although 63 percent of all job openings by 2018 will require workers with at least some college education (source: Projection of Jobs and Education Requirements Through 2018, Georgetown University, 2010), public support of education is down in 48 states and, at the same time, employers are cutting back (or at least not expanding) their training programs. They are, in essence, expecting candidates to show up fully qualified.

The Bureau of Labor Statistics projects that total employment is expected to increase by 20.5 million jobs from 2010 to 2020, with 88 percent of detailed occupations projected to experience employment growth. In the midst of all this, jobs requiring a master’s degree are expected to grow the fastest, while those requiring a high school diploma will experience the slowest growth over the 2010- 20 time frame...

This is a legitimate place for Teacher Unions to find and compare statistics.

What Does NCES Do? (click here)
The National Center for Education Statistics fulfills a Congressional mandate to collect, collate, analyze, and report complete statistics on the condition of American education; conduct and publish reports; and review and report on education activities internationally. The structure and activities of the center are as follows: NCES Organizational Chart


What are charter schools? How common are they, and who do they serve?
    
A public charter school is a publicly funded school that is typically governed by a group or organization under a legislative contract or charter with the state or jurisdiction. The charter exempts the school from selected state or local rules and regulations. In return for funding and autonomy, the charter school must meet the accountability standards articulated in its charter. A school’s charter is reviewed periodically (typically every 3 to 5 years) and can be revoked if guidelines on curriculum and management are not followed or if the standards are not met (U.S. Department of Education 2000). In 2009–10, charter schools operated in 40 states and the District of Columbia. In the following states, a charter school law has not been passed: Alabama, Kentucky, Maine, Montana, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, Washington, and West Virginia.

The percentages of students in public charter schools who were White, Black, and American Indian/Alaska Native decreased between 1999–2000 and 2009–10 (42 vs. 37, 34 vs. 30, and 2 vs. 1 percent, respectively). The percentages who were Hispanic and Asian/Pacific Islander increased between 1999–2000 and 2009–10 (20 vs. 26, and 3 vs. 4 percent, respectively). The percentage of charter schools that were high-poverty schools—where more than 75 percent of students were eligible for free or reduced price lunch (FRPL)—was 33 percent in 2009–10 and the percentage of charter schools that were low-poverty schools—where 25 percent or fewer of students were eligible for FRPL—was 19 percent.


In 2009–10, over half (54 percent) of charter schools were elementary schools. Secondary and combined schools accounted for 27 and 19 percent of charter schools, respectively. In that year, about 55 percent of charter schools were located in cities, 21 percent were in suburban areas, 8 percent were in towns, and 16 percent were in rural areas.

We all know what happened in 2008. It was so convenient for the GOP to have a financial collapse.

According to the U.S. (click here) Department of Education Insitute for Educational Science’s National Center for Educational Statistic’s web site The Condition of Education, from 2008 to 2009 the child poverty rate increased from 17 to 19 percent. All regions experienced increases in child poverty rates between 2008 and 2009, as did 18 states.

In 2008–09, approximately 22 percent of elementary and 8 percent of secondary school students attended high-poverty public schools, up from the 20 percent of elementary and 6 percent of secondary school students who did so in 2007–08.

Black and Hispanic students are overrepresented in high-poverty schools. In 2008-2009, Blacks made up 17 percent of students overall and 34 percent of students in high-poverty schools, and Hispanics made up 21 percent of students overall and 45 percent of students in high-poverty schools.
As of 2010 Private Schools were about 10% of all schools in the USA for Pre-K through Grade 12 (click here)

5,488,000 students

They attended about 33, 366 schools. That number comprises 25% of the total number of schools in the USA.

That is a good statistic to know. That averages out to about 164 students per school. Not classroom, per school.

The average tuition for K-12 schools was about $10,000 with the most expensive being non-sectarian coming in at about $16,000 for the school year 2007 - 2008.

All that while the President focused on expanding education to age 3 across the country.

But, does that mean public education will survive?

Va. program sets goals to improve early-childhood education (click here) 

July 14, 2013

By Michael Alison Chandler

At the Early Head Start center in Manassas, teachers take care that each toy and picture book is age-appropriate, the cots at nap time are placed 36 inches apart, and every activity, including diaper-changing, is a time for learning.

 “Look, your favorite color,” said one teacher pointing to the illustrated waistband of a toddler’s diaper. She kept the changing-table conversation going, then helped the little girl wash her hands and counted the steps down from the sink “1, 2,” completing mini-lessons in vocabulary, hygiene and numeracy.

These are the kinds of things that investigators looked at when they evaluated the center in the predominantly low-income Georgetown South neighborhood this year and gave it five stars, making it the only preschool in Virginia to earn the top mark in a voluntary rating system that is being rolled out across the state.

The Virginia Star Quality Initiative is aimed at assessing and improving quality in early-childhood programs and helping parents make more-informed choices about where they leave their children for eight hours or more a day. Dozens of states, including Maryland as well as the District, have developed similar systems....

When you weren't lookin', they start shutting down your schools.

Governor Rick Snyder: Beauna Vista, Inkster school dissolution will start in 'days, not months.' (click here)

By Brian Smith
July 2, 2013

LANSING -- Gov. Rick Snyder signed into law a pair of bills which would permit state officials to dissolve Buena Vista Schools and Inkster Public Schools, saying the dissolution process would begin quickly to give parents and students time to prepare before school starts in the fall.
"We're talking days, not months," Snyder said at the bill signing Tuesday.
The legislation gives State Superintendent Mike Flanagan and State Treasurer Andy Dillon the power to dissolve the school districts and disperse the students to neighboring school districts. While the law does not identify the two districts by name, school enrollment limits in the legislation were drafted to apply only to Buena Vista and Inkster.

Snyder was joined by state Rep. Bill Rogers (R-Brighton), who sponsored the legislation, for the bill signing. Rogers called the legislation "a very necessary moment for our kids and the future of our state."...

The Temporary Fix to save face. Don't look now but cities all over Michigan are going to have to bus their children to consolidated districts or other means of education.

May 15, 2013
State of Michigan finally gets it's priorities straight, releases funds to reopen Beuna Vista Schools (click here)

...State Superintendent Mike Flanagan has released money to the Buena Vista School District to allow the school to reopen and complete the school year.
The Saginaw County school district of 430 students has been closed for two weeks after the district could not make its May 24 payroll and laid off all but three employees.
Flanagan on Wednesday, May 15, approved the district’s third attempt at a deficit elimination plan, clearing the way for the Michigan Department of Education to release funding, the department announced. The district gets $7,776 per pupil.
The funding is Buena Vista’s normal state aid for May, June and July, allowing the district to meet payroll and recall 27 laid-off teachers, among other employees. The education department and district are working together to determine the amounts of the funding, the department stated.
“Now, I encourage the local school board, administration, and staff to get the schools open as soon as possible for the students,” Flanagan said in a statement....
 
 
It's Sunday Night.

Is your homework done?

The musicians are not the original band.




"Teach Your Children" by Crosby, Stills, Nash and Young (click here for official site)

You who are on the road
Must have a code that you can live by
And so become yourself
Because the past is just a good bye.


Teach your children well,
Their father's hell did slowly go by,
And feed them on your dreams
The one they picked, the one you'll know by.


Don't you ever ask them why, if they told you, you would cry,
So just look at them and sigh and know they love you.


And you, of tender years,
Can't know the fears that your elders grew by,
And so please help them with your youth,
They seek the truth before they can die.


Counter Melody To Above Verse:
Can you hear and do you care and
Cant you see we must be free to
Teach your children what you believe in.
Make a world that we can live in.


Teach your parents well,
Their children's hell will slowly go by,
And feed them on your dreams
The one they picked, the one you'll know by.


Don't you ever ask them why, if they told you, you would cry,
So just look at them and sigh and know they love you.

The Democrats have a wedge issue. A real wedge issue and it is based in public health.

Florida has some of the most radically right gun laws in the nation. It might be flanked by other states like Alaska, but, not any other state with the population density of Florida.

George Zimmerman was supposedly Concealed Carry.

Florida laws allow weapons basically anywhere.

License to Carry Concealed Weapon or Firearm (click here)

- Any place of nuisance as defined in s. 823.05
- any police, sheriff, or highway patrol station;
- any detention facility, prison, or jail;
- any courthouse; any courtroom, except that nothing in this section would preclude a judge from
carrying a concealed weapon or determining who will carry a concealed weapon in his or her
courtroom;
- any polling place;
- any meeting of the governing body of a
county, public school district, municipality, or special
district;
- any meeting of the Legislature or a committee thereof;
- any school, college, or professional athletic event not related to firearms;
- any school administration building;
- any portion of an establishment licensed to dispense alcoholic beverages for consumption on the premises, which portion of the establishment is primarily devoted to such purpose;
- any elementary or secondary school facility;
- any area vocational 
- technical center
- any college or university facility unless the licensee is a registered student, employee, or faculty member of such college or university and the weapon is a stun gun or non
- lethal electric weapon or device designed solely for defensive purposes and the weapon 
does not fire a dart or projectile;
- inside the passenger terminal and sterile area of any airport, provided that no person shall be
prohibited from carrying any legal firearm into the terminal, which firearm is encased for shipment for purposes of checking such firearm as baggage to be lawfully transported on any aircraft; or
- any place where the carrying of firearms is prohibited by federal law

This is Florida's population growth. There are remote areas of Florida, such as the Keys, where folks want to have a gun for their own protection because of the drug economy. But, of the populous of Florida many are older Americans. When dealing with 'surviving' a gun confrontation, it is the reaction time of the shooters that determines the outcome. That and accuracy. Both favor younger gun carriers. Sorry, eyesight and hearing, etc.; it is just a fact.

The difference between California and Texas as a point of comparison is obvious. One is strongly Blue and the other Red. But, they only share one thing. California is ranked third in the nation in square miles. Texas is ranked second in square miles. First is Alaska, but, Florida is 22nd in the nation in square miles. Why is that important, because of POPULATION DENSITY.

The average population density in the USA is 88 persons per square mile. Alaska is ranked last with 1.24 persons per square mile. Most of the time SERVICES provided to citizens of cities and towns depend on the income of the city or town. So, the less the population density the less the income to state and local treasuries and the less services provided to citizens. Therefore, states like Alaska will find more citizens with guns in order to provide for their safety.

Texas is 26th in the USA of population density, 98.07 persons per square mile, however, it has a long border with Mexico and the Gulf of Mexico which places folks in those areas with similar problems as the Keys in Florida. It is understandable why folks in those areas of Texas prefer to carry weapons. 

California is ranked tenth in the nation of population density at 282.5 persons per square mile. We all know the folks in California are not big fans of guns. The breaking point for gun regulation is somewhere about 13th in the nation, that is Hawaii. It is a breaking point because the more dense the population per square mile the more likely people will suffer gun violence JUST BY THE SHEER ODDS of having a gun nearby. Not even in their possession, not within their family or friends or place of employment, but, simply in the area of where they conduct their lives. The more public, education and employment venues where guns exist the more chance of being a victim to gun violence.

This is where it gets interesting. The first state to pass stringent guns laws after the Sandy Hook tragedy was New York State. It is ranked 7th in the nation in population density with 415.3 persons per square mile. That was followed by Connecticut where the tragedy took place. It is ranked fourth in the nation with 741.4 persons per square mile.

The most densely populated state in the nation is New Jersey with 1205 persons per square mile. New Jersey only permits shotguns when hunting because the shotguns don't deliver long range bullets. Their range is shorter than rifles. In other words the CHANCES of a bullet passing through a game animal and continuing it's journey through velocity alone and hitting whatever is behind that game animal is high. Therefore, it is better to have a slug of soft lead or a shell with bird shot to spray a target with multiple wounds and allow the velocity to end with the target. It is a safer method in a densely populated state.


So, California is ten and the break point is probably Hawaii at thirteenth.

Florida is an outlier to any statistical understanding of why the gun laws are lenient. Florida is eighth in population density in the USA with 360.2 persons per square mile. Florida laws used to be that anyone could OPEN carry a weapon simply because of the difference in geography and it's long coastline and the chance of running into bad guys by boat or pick-up truck in the Florida swamps. 

790.053 Open carrying of weapons.— (click here)


(1) Except as otherwise provided by law and in subsection (2), it is unlawful for any person to openly carry on or about his or her person any firearm or electric weapon or device. It is not a violation of this section for a person licensed to carry a concealed firearm as provided in s. 790.06(1), and who is lawfully carrying a firearm in a concealed manner, to briefly and openly display the firearm to the ordinary sight of another person, unless the firearm is intentionally displayed in an angry or threatening manner, not in necessary self-defense.
(2) A person may openly carry, for purposes of lawful self-defense:...

People know instinctively when death is wrong. The reason Mr. Martin's death is so very wrong without justice carrying weight with it, is due to the fact a young man, black or otherwise, minding his own business, growing up and walking home accosted by a stranger carrying a gun is simply unthinkable. It is every parent's nightmare.

His death is egregious and cruel. Sanford, Florida does not have problems that SOME areas of Florida have. Mr. Martin was in a city with many people a stone's throw from him at any point in his walk home. They heard him. They saw him on video cameras and heard him of a cell phone. He was within reasonable safety by any stretch of the imagination by being seen or heard. Yelling "Help!" mattered. That is the difference between the point where people believe their gun laws are too loose or not. It is about the 'best opportunity' of survival.

The population of the USA is growing. As it grows these gun laws will become obsolete to citizen safety one state after another state. It is just the way it is. People don't want to die and they will go through great trouble to pay taxes and build safety around them through organization such as government structures.

Florida's loose gun laws may be necessary in remote areas of the state, but, it is not necessary in Sanford or other populated areas. It simply doesn't matter.

The gun lobby knows states are becoming more densely populated and with that comes more money into state and local treasuries with citizens demanding safety infrastructure. Personal gun ownership will abate with greater measures of safety and increases in gun violence and tragedy. The politics of the USA has to change to reflect that growing population because if it doesn't the NRA will seize the opportunity of the increased gun violence as a measure to increase the sales into neighborhoods. That is exactly what is occurring and it fits nicely into the extremist Right Wing politics with a populous culture that completely disregards the Public Trust and solid Public Policy. 

Florida changing it's gun laws under a Republican Governor was easy after 2010. It was a profound victory for the NRA and gun lobby. They were breaking into ground where the instincts of people were overridden by their profit motives. The Democrats need to pay attention. 

Race baiting?

FOX states George Zimmerman is not a racist because he was profiling correctly. Mr. Zimmerman was looking for a young black man known to have broken into a home in the neighborhood. "And, hey look, if it was a Hispanic man that had broken into a home in the neighborhood he would have been looking for a Hispanic man. That is not racist."

That is vigilantism. Merrium-Webster : a member of a volunteer committee organized to suppress and punish crime summarily (as when the processes of law are viewed as inadequate)

I believe the police dispatcher stated, "We don't need you to do that." And inadequately the police officer showed up about 60 seconds with a flashlight after the death without witnessing the struggle to stay alive by Mr. Martin. Seems woefully inadequate to me. Doesn't it to you? Sure, I mean there were breakins happening on every street of the neighborhood that spawned hysteria among the neighborhood watch.

So, FOX validates there was vigilantism with Mr. Zimmerman, but, it was appropriately racist.

Right.

FOX is sanctioning vigilantism. That is what occurred when an innocent black teenage man was killed for absolutely no reason. I don't recall Mr. Zimmerman stating to the police, "There is a young black man matching the description of the person that broke into the home in this neighborhood walking through here again." He stated, "These assholes. They always get away with it." Not much of a description from a prospective police candidate.

The appropriate nature of such action by a citizen is called a posse organized by a sheriff because the manpower of the city is lacking. Today, in the USA that would happen in the case of a manhunt of someone 'on the loose' killing at random. I don't know when else it would occur in the USA.

"Go ahead make my day," is Hollywood for movie screens not the quiet streets of Sanford, Florida. 

FOX is sanctioning vigilantism. There is no other outcome to their focus. No remorse, no responsibility, nothing deems socially responsible. 

A little flag waving never hurts either, "I am proud to be an American." He must be thinking about the financial backlash. There goes the big bucks.

Nationalism and vigilantism. Sounds like a winning FOX paradigm.

That is so sick. What has being an American got to do with a dead teenager? 

Oh, wait. The Second Amendment!!!!!!! Yep, that's FOX alright. 

The noble purpose of FOX, protecting the masses with crazy ass crackers.
George Zimmerman was hungry for his manhood to come true. He was protecting the neighborhood from what exactly, a neighbor's child?

Now, Tracy Martin has to live in the same neighborhood with that crazy son of a bitch. Like, what? Zimmerman is still the neighborhood watch captain.

The heat even with active hurricanes was considerable.

July 10, 2013
0100 GMT (8:00 EST)
The Weather Channel Actual Highs

This is the high temperature map from July 10th. There were several hurricanes at the peak of their velocities. 

There were two Cat 1 hurricanes in the East Pacific named Dalila and Erick with maximum winds of 65 and 70 knots per hour respectively. Lowest central pressures were 987 and 984 respectively at their maximum wind speeds.They both dissipated on July 9th.

In the Atlantic was Tropical Storm Chantal reaching wind speeds of 55 knots per hour with the lowest central pressure of 1006. Chantal began on July 8th and ended on July 10th. 

July 13, 2013
0100 GMT (8:00 EST)
The Weather Channel Actual Highs

There is currently no tropical depression in Earth's troposphere.

There is no blood on that teenagers hands. How lucky he was to fall into the grass.


There is no blood in the grass either. Why was there no blood anywhere? Because gunshots to the heart stops the heart. There was no pump. The only blood that would be coming out of his chest would be expressed/pushed out of his chest. His blood was now pooling inside his chest creating pressure against any chance of restarting the heart. The heart has to have room inside the chest to move. The pooling of blood was making that impossible.

He spent his last minutes of life in fear. In fear of his life. He knew he was profiled by then. His racial remarks were due to the feeling he had having been profiled. It was a description of his assailant. He didn't know if he died that anyone besides Rachel would know who did it. His reaction to being profiled by a crazy ass cracker was to defend himself and his killer walks free. The USA is a great country. Great country, indeed!

TJ is correct. Fear is a form of pain. And now we know that when a Black Man in the USA feels fear it is painful. Fear is a painful experience. It is not an experience anyone wants to repeat. Fear works to galvanize a person's reaction. Fight or flight. Trayvon Martin knew he was going to die. Now, who's voice was that? Who stopped breathing with the firing of the gun? The young man with a stopped heart and blood pouring into his chest compressed his lungs and ended his ability to push air out of his vocal cords. That is who was yelling for help. I don't anyone to tell me that. 

There were healthcare professionals on the jury, at least one was a nurse. They should have understood the hemodynamics of the chest.