Sunday, September 23, 2012

This is where I give my advise.

Hydraulic Fracturing was made legal in every way, including the allowance of polluting air and water, by the Cheney Energy Task Force which began its planning two weeks after Bush / Cheney took office.

If this never occurred the process of hydraulic fracturing would be illegal.

Got that?

Hydraulic fracturing before Bush / Cheney was illegal. It pollutes air and water.

Don't believe me when I state it was illegal. Look at this.

...Fracturing can be traced to the 1980s, (click here) when liquid (and later, solidified) nitroglycein was used to stimulate shallow, hard rock wells in Pennsylvania, New York, Kentucky, and West Virginia. Although extremely hazardous, and often used illegally, NG was spectacularly successful for oil well “shooting.” The object of shooting a well was to break up, or rubblize, the oil-bearing formation to increase both initial flow and ultimate recovery of oil....

The petroleum industry has conducted itself illegally most of its existence, but, it managed to make itself an intricate part of any economy on the globe so they do operate above the law. They operate with any good excuse for them to do so. As a result, people die on a regular basis in this industry. Now, they have given themselves permission to be above reproach with propagandized advertisements permeating the airwaves.

The most touching of the propaganda was when the elder Pickens stated he was heavily interested in building wind and solar as the best energy for the USA. Today, he simply states, 'It isn't workable." It isn't workable for his profit margin, it never was, but, lying is as good as gold to the petroleum bosses.

Hydraulic fracturing is extremely dangerous. It dissolves bedrock. Got that part? It dissolves bedrock. Now you know if there are chemicals injected into the ground down a deep hole passing through aquifers the is contamination taking place. There just is. The real test of the immorality of the petroleum industry is to ask state governments to consider the standards they measure potable water. See, if the standards for potable water are workable for the petroleum industry they might be able to proceed without their profits being effected.

PPM. Parts per million. If one looks at the earliest standards in the nation's history and how those standards were refined to the best allowable for human consumption and inhalation; then the true standards will be known.

The fact is hydraulic fracturing is adverse to the integrity of land (seismic activity, clean water, healthy livestock (they drink water) and crops (irrigated water) and clean air. Not clear air, clean air. Natural gas is odorless and colorless when coming up from the deep wells. The odor of natural gas is added after the gas is captured. 

Much of the activity of the petroleum industry relies on concrete. If fills in holes were the drills have punched trough and the space between metal casings. Concrete is the do all and end all of the petroleum industry.

If you accept the premise the industry knows they are causing real damage to all I mentioned above and is being told to end their drilling where it can be proven there is seismic activity. Even in Texas. Then it is only a short time before the industry will increase tax deductible expenses by pouring concrete into deep waste water wells where the seismic activity occurs and call it FIXED. FOREVER FIXED.

That would be a lie. Poured concrete, no matter what it is mixed with will never stand up to the pressure that deep in the ground, nor will it be a lasting fix. Quite the contrary. The chemicals in the well will dissolve the concrete.

Concrete is no substitute for stable rock formations formed on Earth. No substitute at all.

To the right is 'limestone chalk.' (click here)

Most all types of limestone are listed on Moh's Scale of Hardness (the geological scale - click here) as between 3 and 4. Diamonds are a ten.

There is no way the petroleum industry should ever be allowed by any government at any level to mystify those with the idea concrete will stabilize all seismic activity. 

It is a lie!

The petroleum industry knows they have no leg to stand on when it comes to using concrete.

To the left is the process to produce the Geolyte Based Spent Catalyst.

Chemical, Biological and Environmental Engineering (ICBEE), 2010 2nd International Conference on (click here)

The petroleum industry is destroying our land. They know they are the most toxic industry on Earth given the extent its reach continues in global economies. They know they need to do better, but, it might cost money to do better.

 ...In this project Geolite Based Spent Catalyst (GBSC) is used to replace cement by some amount in concrete. GBSC is the waste product from petroleum industry....

...Long term strength say at the age of 112 days strength was measured and results are encouraging. Initially the strength are slightly less but long term strength say after 90 days, strength is very nearer to the strength of pilot mix concrete....

34 of the the 53 earthquakes in California on September 22, 2012 were in Southern California.

By Southern California (click here) I mean between latitudes North 34 degrees, 32 minutes and 48.572 seconds and 47.0 North degrees

All Earthquakes in California-Nevada Map Area (click here)

I believe the center of the state of California is about 37 North degrees, so that is what I called South. I suppose one can divide it until thirds, but, I did not because I have never heard the description Central California. The geological locations are am familiar with are Northern California (made popular by the Beach Boys) and Southern California.

September 22, 2012 is a random day after the Earthquake Swarm in August. Just that simple. Nothing particularly notable about that day. When one clicks on the link "All Earthquakes in California and Nevada Map Area" it is easily discerned how many quakes are occurring daily in this area of the USA. The quakes I counted could also involve the Nevada border as well.

No Rocky Mountains there.

Earthquake in Brawley, Southern California, Moderate 5.3 magnitude

California earthquake swarm expected to last for days (click here for video from LA Times)

August 27, 2012
The Southern California earthquake swarm produced hundreds of temblors Sunday, and experts said it could last for several more days.
"Obviously, all this activity is related or interconnected, but it doesn't really follow the typical main shock, aftershock activity," said Rob Graves, a seismologist with the U.S. Geological survey.
Such earthquake storms are not unprecedented or unusual in that region. The most recent, Graves said, also centered near Brawley, was in 2005, when the area was shaken by hundreds of earthquakes, the largest measuring magnitude 5.1. A previous swarm in 1981 reached a magnitude of 5.8....

I've been waiting for this stroke of genius from the petroleum industry.

The Fracking Solution Is A Good Cement Job (click here)

9/10/2012 @ 1:12AM 

James Conca, Contributor

It‘s not that drilling for oil and gas is bad. It’s not that drilling has to result in environmental destruction. It’s just that sometimes it turns out that way because a few key people are greedy or just plain lazy, from the management down to the field workers.  But I say it’s all up to the cement job....

James Conca must be a stockh0lder in concrete, the petroleum industry and Halliburton along with the commodity of limestone.

...Cement forms an extremely strong, effectively impermeable, seal from a thin slurry that can be pumped pretty easily anywhere, and is the ideal material for this purpose (Cementing). True understanding of cement came from the oil industry over the last hundred-plus years and without cement, there would be no drilling....

To the right is a limestone concrete. (click here) Does that actually look strong or porous?

I am not advocating a law that prevents the use of cement, concrete or limestone. That is not the purpose here.
Limestone is something most people never notice, but hidden beneath Iowa's fertile soils are rich supplies of quality limestone and dolomite. Careful management of these valuable natural resources is vital to our economy, our environment and future....

What is the difference between concrete and cement?

Basically nothing. 

In the most general sense of the word, a cement (click here) is a binder, a substance that sets and hardens independently, and can bind other materials together.

Four essential elements are needed to make cement. They are Calcium, Silicon, Aluminum and Iron. 

Calcium (which is the main ingredient) can be obtained from limestone, whereas silicon can be obtained from sand and/or clay. Aluminum and iron can be extracted from bauxite and iron ore, and only small amounts are needed.

The word "cement" traces to the Romans, who used the term opus caementicium to describe masonry resembling modern concrete that was made from crushed rock with burnt lime as a binder. The volcanic ash and pulverized brick additives that were added to the burnt lime to obtain a hydraulic binder were later referred to as cementumcimentumcäment, and cement.

Concrete should not be confused with cement, because the term cement refers to the material used to bind the aggregate materials of concrete. Concrete is a combination of a cement and aggregate.

The aggregates of concrete are generally a coarse gravel or crushed rocks such as limestone, or granite, along with a fine aggregate such as sand. Sand is always in the mix. 

Concrete (click here) is a composite construction material composed primarily of aggregatecement, and water. There are many formulations, which provide varied properties. The aggregate is generally a coarse gravel or crushed rocks such as limestone, or granite, along with a fine aggregate such as sand.

There is so much concrete in the world it is now being recycled.

Dr Vivian Tam
Griffith University

Construction and demolition waste (click here) generation has exceedingly increased around the world. In Australia, about 40% of construction and demolition waste is generated annually. Out of various types of construction and demolition waste, concrete constitues about 80% of the total waste. Therefore, it is necessary to recycle concrete waste to recycled aggregate and recycled aggregate concrete. 

Nowadays, almost all demolished concrete has been mostly dumped to landfills. As concrete is an essential, mass-produced material in the construction industry, efforts have been made to recycle and to conserve it....

What happened in Haiti was due to the use of unenforced concrete in buildings.

The GeoEye-1 satellite (click here for NASA analysis) (a commercial satellite) captured these images of earthquake damage in the densely populated neighborhoods of Port-au-Prince, Haiti, on January 13, 2010. Geometric shapes define structures that appear undamaged from above, but this appearance may be deceptive. The buildings may be damaged under an intact roof. Other homes and other structures have clearly been destroyed entirely, a mass of rubble spilling in a tangled mass across broad sections of the image. According to the United Nations, at least 10 percent of homes in Port-au-Prince were destroyed when a massive 7.0 earthquake shook the city on January 12, 2010....

Rubble is what is left from earthquakes when concrete / cement is viewed as a strong 'stone.' Concrete is not stone. Concrete is sand. 

By William Booth
Washington Post Foreign Service 
Sunday, March 28, 2010
As Haitians (click here) deal with the psychological aftershocks of the devastating earthquake, city dwellers here -- prominent and poor alike -- confess they continue to harbor deep anxieties about entering buildings constructed of concrete....

Dolphin Birth

Kindly remember the definition of reinforced concrete.

In reinforced concrete (click here) construction, the combination of concrete and steel provides the three most important properties for earthquake resistance: stiffness, strength, and ductility.
To the left is a fracking map of the USA. Except for the East Coast of the USA (east of the Appalachian Mountains) there are fracking locations in the entire country.

The only reason the Rockies are exempt from fracking is because it is impossible to find gas through dense rock and let's face it, to reach it would require a great deal of expense. And who would ever want the Rocky Mountains not to be mountains anymore.

Hydraulic Fracturing is not the answer to the USA energy needs and stating it creates jobs is not the answer to the USA economy either.
PHILADELPHIA (AP) - Demonstrators in the United States (click here) and other countries protested Saturday against the natural gas drilling process known as fracking that they say threatens public health and the environment.
Participants in the "Global Frackdown" campaign posted photos on social media websites showing mostly small groups.
But organizer Mark Schlosberg said Saturday afternoon he thought the protests were going well and he pointed to photos showing larger demonstrations in South Africa and France as well as higher turnouts in cities in California, Colorado and New York.
"I think it's really the communities all over the world coming together to say, 'We want to protect our water, we want to protect our air, and we want to safeguard our climate future by getting off dirty fossil fuels and saying no to fracking. We need to invest in a renewable energy future,'" said Schlosberg, who is national organizing director for Food & Water Watch, a Washington, D.C., nonprofit that developed the GlobalFrackdown website and campaign.
The immense volumes of natural gas found by fracturing underground shale rock around the country has spurred a boom in natural gas production that has been credited with creating jobs and lowering prices for industry and consumers....

I believe the conclusive evidence regarding the deaths of dolphins and other sea life due to the BP oil spill are the youngsters that died.

Baby Dolphins Found Dead on Gulf Coast (click here)

MIAMI, Feb. 23, 2011

A tide of dead infant dolphins has washed ashore along the 100-mile stretch of the Alabama and Mississippi coastlines in the past two weeks, and the marine experts today said they believe last summer's Gulf oil spill may be to blame.
A total of 24 of the young dolphins been found dead in the last couple weeks, including five in the past 24 hours. Marine mammal researchers fear it will only get worse.
"I believe this is very very unusual what we're dealing with. It's a tenfold increase in calves that are dying," Moby Solangi, the head of the Mississippi based Institute for Marine Mammal Research, told ABC News. "Every year, we get one or two babies that die. Now, we're seeing stillborn, or preemies dying."
"With some, we're not sure if they actually took a breath," said Dr. Delphine Shannon, also of the IMMR....

The infant and young dolphins lost in the birthing season following the Gulf oil spill were either still born or born with birth defects that ultimately killed them. A dolphin fetus takes an entire year / 12 months to develop in utero. So, the adult females carrying them survived the spill, but, they were exposed to the spilled oil and the oil at the bottom of the Gulf, along with the Corexit. There is also the issue of aqueous methane from the gas escaping the ruptured oil well. 

So, the infants and dead young are proof positive of the responsibility. There is no other reason the young are dead. We did not see massive aborting by the females either. So, the toxic materials they were exposed to are the real problems. And I don't want to hear how Corexit was approved by the EPA. Corexit was never approved for the diet of endangered species of dolphins. Its use wasn't even necessary until the 'experimental' well was ruptured.

Thu, Apr 19 2012 at 4:32 PM EST
In just two years, more than 600 bottlenose dolphins (click here) have washed onto U.S. shores from the Gulf of Mexico, about 95 percent of them already dead. Such "unusual mortality events" have hit Gulf dolphins before, but this one is different. In terms of total deaths, calf deaths and overall duration, it's unprecedented in recorded history....

..."The Barataria Bay dolphins have severe health problems that are not showing up in dolphins from the un-oiled area, and have not been seen in previous studies of dolphins from other sites along the Atlantic coast or the Gulf of Mexico," explains a fact sheet from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, which is studying the die-off. These dolphins "are underweight, have low hormone levels, low blood sugar, and some show signs of liver damage," NOAA reports, adding that their symptoms "are consistent with those seen in other mammals exposed to oil."
Not only do the symptoms raise red flags, but so do the numbers and locations of dying dolphins. From 2002-2009, Louisiana averaged 20 dolphin strandings per year, but then had 139 in 2010, 91 of which occurred after the BP spill began. 2011 was even worse, with 159 strandings statewide — almost eight times the '02-'09 average. Alabama and Mississippi had four and five times the normal stranding rate in 2011, respectively, and 100 cetaceans have already washed up across the Gulf Coast in 2012. Yet strandings are back to normal in Florida, which is farther from the spill site....

They are still fighting over "Who done it?"

But, for my purposes tonight the fact of the matter is the cement failed. 

The cement failed. Either during a test and during the drilling the cement failed to isolate the disaster.

The cement failed.

Among the most endangered species in the Oceans today is the Bottlenose Dolphin.

By Laurel Brubaker Calkins and Margaret Cronin Fisk on September 15, 2012

Deepwater Horizon Gear Failed Pre-Spill Test, Lawyers Say (click here)

Transocean Ltd. (RIG) employees talked about blaming the failure of the Deepwater Horizon’s blowout preventer on a bad cement job, after the device ‘blew up’ casing during a test two months before the rig exploded, according to an e-mail cited by lawyers suing the company.
An employee identified as Jess Richards “states that during a test of the lower annular, Transocean blew up their 22 casing,” lawyers suing Transocean and BP Plc (BP/) said of an e-mail that the rig owner turned over as part of the litigation. “She then remarks, ‘I’m sure we will find some way to blame it on the cementer,’” the attorneys said in a filing yesterday in federal court in New Orleans.

...“The precipitating cause of the Macondo incident was the failure of the downhole cement to isolate the reservoir,” Transocean said, based on an internal investigation issued 14 months after the Deepwater Horizon sank. In its report, the rig owner blamed Macondo’s bad cement job on faulty decisions and improper well design by BP and Halliburton....

...U.S. Magistrate Judge Sally Shushan ruled Sept. 4 that spill-victims’ lawyers may question Transocean Chief Executive Officer Steve Newman about that particular e-mail as well as other documents the company belatedly turned over in the litigation. She said the victims’ lawyers were disadvantaged by not having seen the memo before they questioned Newman the first time.

It's Sunday Night

Humpty Dumpty wasn't always about an egg.

Humpty Dumpty sat on a wall,
Humpty Dumpty had a great fall.
All the king's horses and all the king's men
Couldn't put Humpty together again.

The original content.

Humpty Dumpty sat on a wall,
Humpty Dumpty had a great fall.
Four-score Men and Four-score more,
Could not make Humpty Dumpty where he was before

Brian Schwartz is somewhat a revolutionary. He has the audacity to believe an author should receive most of the profits from publishing.

Kindle & ePub Conversions for Publishers and Authors (click here)

Brian Schwartz is to online publishing as You Tube was to video. I am sure every movie maker in the business was concerned about You Tube, but, today filmmakers use You Tube for free advertisements to enhance their market place.

I think what Brian Schwartz does is very exciting. Very. He has written his own books and this is where he found online publishing an inspiration to enhance the economy. He has the power to not only enhance the economy but to give hope to authors who are seeking to reach their audience.

Introduction (click here)

50 Interviews is the series that launched me into digital publishing. What started as Kindle conversions for my own authors has expanded to a service I provide other authors & publishers, for high quality digital conversions of nearly every type.

Dare I say is another Bill Gates in his beginnings. I the video above he states he is making over $500 per month in his relationship with Amazon. That amount doesn't qualify him as a Bill Gates income, but, the beginnings were somewhat the same. Bill Gates modified computer software he was working with as an employee and created "Windows." Brian Schwartz is doing the same thing EXPECT he was no one's employee when he perfected a platform to publish electronic books independently.

One of my pet peeve's about the USA Constitution's First Amendment regarding Freedom of Speech and publishing books as a profit for capitalists, is the fact a person has to be able to afford the book in order to assert the First Amendment RIGHT. Brian Schwartz is reaching to the goal of better access of printed material, hence, IDEAS of others. That is good thing.

As much as capitalists love the freedoms of America, they equally hate it when it cannot be controlled. The internet and those able to harness the expertise to use it are a threat to profit driven motives. Dare I say someone such as Brian Schwartz is a very dangerous man when realizing he is exercising First Amendment Rights that actually provide freedom to ACCESS as well as thinking. For what good is thinking and freedom if no one else has access to it. It more or less is like being in a prison cell waiting for a profit driven publisher to deem one worthy of publishing.
If one makes a comparison to words on a page, it is why Monks spend their lifetimes as scribes to be sure there are books to access for the eons. A very noble way to live a life.

A few months ago I was listening to an interview with a newly minted online author. I want to say it was on NPR. It was a style of interview akin to their content. But, the author was a woman, a young woman who had written a novel. She was unable to get any of the traditional publishers to be interested in her, so she finally decided in pure desperation of desire to be read by others then herself; published her work online. She thought nothing would come of it. Didn't expect to make one thin dime for all the rejection she received from the publishing world. Within a month she had sold a million dollars US of the online version of her book. She would no longer have to waitress tables to finish her college education and she was able to secure her entire future to write to her audience.

What happened there was success in a way that is necessary for authors. She found security for the rest of her life in the simple desperation to be read by others. 

See authors suffer when others don't read their work. They suffer not only emotional stress but sincere financial stress. Some would say they suffer for a purpose, but, I doubt the suffering financial has much to do with their work. Authors suffer because of emotional dedication to the purpose of writing their ideas.

All to often financial hardship hinders an author. So, the young lady finding success in her online novel now has the financial means to secure her entire future to share her ideas. She can not only write her passion, but, she can do so for all her life.

The USA First Amendment is as much about access of ideas as it is about freedom of thought. The world Brian Schwartz is creating is fulfilling as much of the First Amendment right of citizens as those with ideas to be heard. 

One might say libraries, primarily public libraries, are the pinnacle of first amendment rights. Yes and no. Even in the case of libraries, by definition, the 'idea' has to be published to be a apart of our rights to freedom of expression. I wish him a great deal of luck in his venture. It is as much necessary as noble.