Thursday, April 20, 2017

US sustainable harvests vs Tropical sustainable harvests

According to timber experts, (click here) black walnut trees, when planted to maximize tree growth, can grow as much as 3′ to 4′ per year in good soil, reaching a mature height of over 100′ and 30″ to 40″ in diameter, with 16″ diameter saw logs ready to harvest in 30 years.

Black walnut trees are native to the central and eastern U.S, but also do well in other parts of the country, and are grown for both nuts and timber. A walnut orchard can take a few years to come into full production, but then produces up to 6,000 pounds of nuts per acre. Black walnut logs bring premium prices, and have since the 1700s, with single trees bringing up to $20,000. Bruce Thompson, author of “Black Walnut For Profit,” estimates a mature stand of black walnut trees can bring about $100,000 per acre in timber value alone. The fine, straight-grained wood is used for furniture, veneer and gunstocks....

There is virtually no tourism involved with these forests in the USA.

(i) special use forest (15%), mainly protected areas such as national parks and nature conservation areas;

(ii) protection forest (35%), mainly for protection of water sources, soils and environment;

(iii) production forest (50%), including both natural forests and forest plantations (VNForest, 2013).
According to ITTO (2015) the Vietnamese forest industry produced in 2014 about 10.75 million m3 of logs, which is mainly used by the domestic industry. Viet Nam is a net importer of timber and Viet Nam’s wood processing sector is highly dependent on imported materials from a large number of sources. Wood sourced from the Vietnamese forests originates often from plantations, also because of the logging and export bans which are in place. Species most commonly used in forestry plantations are Acacia (Acacia spp) and Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus spp)....

Production of tropical lumber is possible and can be responsible. The Vietnamese people through their government controls the majority of it's forests.

The idea forests can never be harvested is very inaccurate. There can be a sustainable infrastructure to any forest, but, to exclude the demand for these products in protections only is an error. The demand will be met with illegal logging if there is not an infrastructure to use the natural resources that are forests.

The USA Forest Service has witnessed some incredible damage to our beautiful forests. This is a picture of a California Redwood. They are magnificent and import to the USA heritage, but, money dominates the protections of these trees. There has to some RESPONSIBLE logging in any country. The poaching will occur with possible complete loss of a forest if the canopy is damaged. The forest floors are as important to these forests as the trees themselves. The dense canopy protects the land below and the moisture needed for these forests to survive and flourish. The warming of Earth demands these forests maintain their canopy and a skilled scientist/silviculturist  can provide for responsible logging.

Logging can provide an income to the very silviculturists and rangers that protect these valuable natural resources. If these forests were valued differently, the prevention of poaching and arrests of poacheers would be paramount.

I believe Vietnam has found a balance between providing lumber and lumber products to export as an income to their country while protecting their forests and other industries such as tourism. 

The United Nations and the IPCC have an important place in bringing about these standards.

In Belize, (click here) the uncontrolled and often illegal harvesting of rosewood has been, and still is, one of the major environmental issues in the country. In March of last year, the government established a moratorium on the export and extraction of rosewood, however illegal harvesting continued. On Friday 11 January, the Minister of Forestry, Fisheries and Sustainable Development made the bold move of burning confiscated illegally cut rosewood flitches. The purpose of this action was to send a clear message to the world and illegal loggers that

Belize will not tolerate illegal logging of its precious forests and that no one will profit from this illegal trade....

Belize does practice responsible logging in their forests. There is no reason for the government to ignore or even encourage the practices of illegal logging/poaching.

The country, hence the people, are receiving the benefits of sustainable logging that then protects forests.